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The Catalina Islander
Avalon, California
December 30, 1937     The Catalina Islander
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December 30, 1937

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DEC. 30, 1937 RIEF HIGHLIGHTS OF CALIFORNIA HISTORY (Continued from page 5, col. 4) atus. It came full grown into the Jnion. Gold and Statehood The civil administration of Califor- under United States control, from until Statehood, in 1850, was di- '.cted bya succession of military Gold, discovered by James W. Mar- la'll at Captain John Sutter's Mill, at flona, near Sacramento, January 24, (the date fixed in the diary of enry Bigler, a workman at the mill) oon focussed the world's eyes on Cal- and. the greatest population probably, in history began. ral Bennet Riley became Gover- l~or of California in April, 1848. Administrative affairs of the depart- of California, as the province now known, were in a chaotic Governor Riley, an able, executive, crystallized the of the people that conditious be stabihzed, by calling a Con- itutional Convention. The conven- duly met at Colton Hall, Monte- September 3, 1849. r. Robert Scruple, the state's first ,er publisher, and a leader in Bear Flag "rebellion", was chair- The delegation apparently gave lit- thought to the formation of a ter- the established procedure pre- Statehood. Constitution was adopted, with the ¢ovision that slavery--then a burning in Congress--should not exist in A statewide election was held, No- 13, 1849, and a Governor, oth- state officials, a legislature and of Congress were elected. legislature in turn elected two States Senators---although Cal- was not yet a state--Senators ohn C. Fremont and William M. ,~The newly,elected Congressmen and . enators proceeded at once to wasn- where, after a prolonged bat- e.over slavery--the states of the at that time being divided in ress fifteen to fifteen on the issue--Statehood was finally California, September 9, 1850, Le thirty-first in the Sisterhood of ~O--~ ~DERAL HOUSING t~DMINISTRATION Further' reduction of processing time applications is the constant aim of Federal Housing Administration, ~d during its three years' experience, has been able to speed up its pro- considerably, according to F. L Marlow, District Director, South- California District. "Although fifteen days has been set as the maximum allowable time by ton, the Southern California office has been able to reduce to an average of seven days, lout impairing ~he soundness of the • procedure," s ud Mr. .rlow. this connection, *It. Marlow prospective home buyers to be- of those who try to discourage use of FHA insured financing, the argument that an insured involves delay and red tape, as usually have some ulterior mo- decidedly detrimental to the buy- A few extra days devoted to care- appraisal investigation of the and examination of the Crower's ability to pay, may save rs of misery and worry later." have had abundant evidence of folly of hasty and unsound lend- practices which the FHA proced- is designed to eliminate," said Mr. rlow. "While we have always rec- the prime importance of ~tness in our underwriting pro- we will not sacrifice quality speed in our appraisal and risk- methods." o- whale had a streak of luck pulled in a customer without pub- but it is recorded that he could- the trade.--Ka-Lama (Hono- PAGE ELEVEN BREVITIES FROM SPORTLAND The race in the bowling at \Vinter Sports program, at the halfwav mark, shows the Vultures, captained by A1 Pallas, in first place, closely followed by Lyn Campbell's Night-Owls, while the Microbes, captained by Ralph Humphries, 'are in the show position. There are eight teams in the program and none are out of the running. You can look for anything to happen from now until banquet time next spring, as the competition is keen. Bowling is fast becoming one of the most popular sports on the Island, and should be, for it is known as one of the best indoor sports. We have or- ganized the Catalina Bowling Associ- ation here, to be affiliated with The American Bowling Congress. Already there are eight 5-man teams, spon- sored by the leading. merchants, which can be seen in acnon each Monday and Friday night, at Sportland. The Honorable Mr. Crandall is get- ting to be some Kegler, and can be seen from time to time rolling the old ball down the maple lanes. Vic Lytle also does his share of pin- toppling. Abe Perluss is steadily improving his game. "Frenchy" Snlall is getting so he can gallop up to the foul line in pretty good tilne now. Chief Sullivan says his bowling is like his golf, "always w-ithin a certain distance of par." Sid Zeldin is the little-big Kegler of the Island. "Tiny" Piper says that he hopes to shoot his weight in tenpins some day. Just an Observer. SECRET'S OF OCEAN'S FLOOR By Ronald L. Ives, Science Service Writer Copyright 1937 by Science Service Secrets of the ocean's floor, never before revealed, were discussed in Philadelphia recently by the world's leading geophysicists, meeting under the auspices of the American Philo- sophical Society. Pooling their knowl- edge of the inaccessible regions under thousands of fathoms of salt water, the scientists weighed the significance of evidence brought up by their ingen- ious remote-control equipment. No man will ever stand on the oceau floor at the bottom of some of the great deeps, but the rocks under those deeps are gradually yielding their se- crets. Suggesting that nations use their warships as oceanic exploration equipment, Dr. Richard M. Field, Princeton University geologist, out- lined the great subsea mapping task still before oceanographers• Struc- tures under the sea, according to evi- dence he presented, seem to be con- tinuations~ of structures near the shore line on land. But extensions of struc- tures across great ocean basins are not justified by present evidence. Summarizing results of gravity stu- dies made last summer on board the U. S. S. Barracuda, Dr. H. S. Hess, of Princeton University, finds that the mountains under the sea, forming the West Indies, are an extension of the Andean Cordillera Central tO the south and connect with the Mexican high- land through structures in southern Yucatan. 'Methods for making gravity studies proudly wearing the brands of four Caravans, Calico, Trona, Borate and Pipes. This year's Caravan to be keld December 28, 29, and 30 will be known as the Caravan to Mustang. Troops are urged to plan to join the Caravan, using their own transporta- tion or make reservations for bus transportatiou at Council Headquar- ters an Pasadena. Fathers are espe- cially invited to make the trip with their sons. H. Lloyd Hall, a member of the Council Camp Committee, is chairman of the Caravan committee, and the trip will be directed by H. Benjamin Robison, Field Executive of the Department of Camping. --~-----.o~ Disturhlng Beggar: "I haven't even a shirt to nay back." Man : "My word! What do you fasten your collars to?"--Das Klein Witzblatt (Leipzig.) To date, the evidence collected is sug- gestive, rather than conclusive• Punching holes in the sea bottom, thousands of feet below the surface, to collect samples of the sea floor, has been the work of Dr. Charles Piggot, g.eophysicist of the Carnegie Institu- tion of Washington. Using a special- ly designed gun, which shoots a hol- low tube into the sea floor, Dr. Piggot brings up ten-foot long sections of the ocean bottom. Studying these are a number of scientists, whose work was explained by Dr_ W. H. Bradley, of the U. S. Geological- Survey, and Dr. J. A. Fleming, of the Carnegie Institu- tion of Washington. Dr. Bradley finds that in the sea floor there is evidence of four ice ages, which cannot yet be definitely corre- lated with the ice ages on the conti- nents, and of two periods of violent explosive volcanic action, one during the ice ages, and one after the most recent ice age. Changes in the earth's magnetism during the ice ages, shown by the deep sea sediments collected by Dr. Piggot's sampler, were described by Dr. Flem- ins, who finds that considerable changes in the earth's magnetic field have occurred in rather recent geolo- gic time. The exact nature of these changes can be deternfined by further study of "fossil magnetism," and from it geologists hope to learn the causes of the shifting of the earth's magnetic field. The puzzle of the submarine can- yons, s6me of the:n much more than a mile deep, off the shores of the con- tinents, still keeps geologists guessing. Describing the present status of this problem, Dr. Henry C. Stetson, of the Woods Hole, Mass., Oceanographic Institution, presented no solution, and showed that with present knowledge several hypotheses concerning the for- mation of these canyons should be considered. Comprising ahnost three-fourths of the earth's surface, the sea floors con- tain solutions to many problems that cannot be solved by study of land areas. Until very recently, the seas were not studied because of their in- accessibility, but recently developed equipment has made sampling of the depths of the sea and measurement of its gravity possible. The symposium concerned itself with two general topics--what we have now, and what we still need; and may be compared to an inventory of oceanic knowledge. MANY BOY SCOUTS WILL RECEIVE COVETED BRAND Scouts and Scouters of the Pasa- dena-San Gabriel Valley Council who participate in the fifth annual Winter Caravan sponsored by the Department of Camping will receive an especially prepared brand which they may have stamI?ed upon their favorite piece of camping equipment. The brand will be brought to the Caravan campsite, in Andreas Canyon on the Pahn Springs Indian Reserva- tion, by special messenger. It has be- coane traditional for the branding iron to be made and brought by motorcycle to camp by Fred Hamm, former Scoutmaster of Troop 41, Pasadena. Considerable ceremony takes place up- on his arrival with the iron at the campfire. Many Scouts in the Council are Defending Counsel: "Think, gentle- men of the jury, my client is so deaf that he only hears ~he voice of con- science with difficulty." -- Korsaren (Christiania). • Catalina Island--the place where quietness and repose soothe ragged nerves and renews health and happi- ness. Islam1 at sea, where a firm base for equip-~ ~ ~" ment is lacking, were dcscribed by Maurice F~wing, Lehigh University i[ ~1~ ~1~ physicist. Special pendulums, whose speed varies with the force of gravity, ,¥ ,~ have been developed for use in boats. Several of these, working together, give accurate gravity reading even when the boat rolls as much as five degrees.4' Earthquakes give clues concerning su marine ge~ ogv whichnay ~e in- te ,reted by~ :ol~hysicist ,se dence .,e "lk Jl~ ii of submerged structures. The speed ~ il submarine geology whichanaybe in- terl,reted by greol~hysicists as evidence of submerged structures. The speed .. of an earthquake wave through the ~ii sea bottom anay be compared with its÷~ m ~. speed through known rocks, and the composition of the sea tloor learned. Describing this work was Capt. N. H. Heck, of the U. S. Coast and Geodetic ;~ Survev. who believes that much more~ ..... . .~ work iimst be done before the subsea THE REXALL STORE structures can be definitely identified. ~ " :+." STEAMER SCHEDULE Effective Monday, September 20, 1937 The following steamer schedule will be in effect between Wilmington, California, and Avalon, Santa Catalina Island, California: GOING SCHEDULE Lv. Los Angeles (via P. E. Ry.) 9:00 A.M. Lv. Long Beach (via P. E. Ry.) 9:25 A.M. Lv. Wilmington (via steamer) 1.0:00 A.M. Ar. Avalon (via steamer) 12:10 P.M. RETURN SCHEDULE Lv. Avalon (via steamer) 4:15 P.M. At. Wilmington (via steamer) 6:30 P.M. Ar. Long Beach (via 13. E. Ry.) 6:$5 P.M. Ar. Los Angeles (via P. E. Ry.) 7:30 P.M. (Wilmington Transportation Company re- serves the right to change steamers and sailing schedules without notice.) AIRPLANE SCHEDULE Effective Dec. 30,1937, to Jan. 19, 1938, Inc. Leave ~eave Wilmington Avalon 10:15 a.m. * 7:45 a.m. 4:30 p.m. 4:00 p. m. • 8:45 Sundays and holidays Additional service will be operated when traffic warrants between the sckeduled times of the last morning trip and first afternoon trip Ticke~ on reservations fo~":t, rips from ~Vil- mingto to Avalon must be taken up at the Wilmington airport 15 - minutes before scheduled plane departure. Ticket~ on reservations for trips Avalon to Wilmington must be taken up at Avalon two hours before scheduled plane depar. ture. (Wilmington-Catalina Airline, Ldt., reserves the right to change airplane s~hedules with- out notice.) . - • •