Newspaper Archive of
The Catalina Islander
Avalon, California
December 30, 1937     The Catalina Islander
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December 30, 1937

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PAGE FOUR THE CATALINA HORSEMANSHIP There is in this country, more than any other, an almost universal fond- hess for horses, and the exercise of riding them. Yet few, in comparison, cut of this multitude, makes even tol- erable horsemen, and a still less nun> ber do the thing as it ought to be done. 'Tis in vain that the generality of persons endeavor to shift off this re- proach from themselves to their ani- mals, for the frequent reports we hear of horses becoming ungovernable, or performing il'l, generally arise from the unskillfulness of the actual riders, or the ill temper and unsteadiness of those who may have had charge of breaking in animals so depreciated. Riding, so to speak, is one of those things that all can perform in some way or another, but few excel in. And, as the affair stands now, ahnost ev- eryone thinks that practice alone is sufficient to teach him how to ride. Why should riding, which is an art, be any easier than any other athletic exercise would be to master ? There is an old saying that a man who cannot manage his horse is sure to mismanage him, and thereby does superinduce in the animal vices and habits, etc. Few- persons, though practiced in riding, know they have any power over the horse but by the bridle, or any use for the spur except to make him go forward. A little experience, however, will teach him the further service of both the one and the other. Thus, if the left spur touches the horse, and at the same time he is pre- vented from going forward, he has thereby received a sign comnmnicated to him, which he will soon compre- hend that he is to move sidewise to the right. In like manner, tie will move to the left if the left spur is applied to him. He ever afterwards, through fear of the spur, will obey a pressure of the leg. He never wi'll disobey the leg pressure unless he becomes restive or arms himself against the rider. By these means the rider has far greater power over the horse than by any other less certain attempts at con- trolling his movements. He will move sidewise if one leg is pressed close to him, and straight forward if both legs are brought to bear. A horseman will find that the same maneuvers are equally serviceable if a horse is given to shying or take fright from objects in the road. When he is beginning to shy from one side, by the rider's leg being pressed on the side he is flying to, the horse's spring is stopped instantly. He then goes past in comparative quietness. Also, not only does the rider con> pel his horse to keep his haunches under him when going down hill, but he may help him along the side of a batik, and also to approach nearer in joining company with other horsemen. Oue thing a rider shouht remember, a horse will never shy or spring to- Ward the side at which he looks, but the contrary. Next week I will write an article on how to "Take Horse", or in other words, how to mount. A "Horsettlan. crude oil wouht be needed where only one is used today. In addition to motor fuel production, cracking has allowed the chemist to synthesize new substances from crude oil and to found new industries. It has given birth to a host of new pro- ducts such as polymer and isooctane gasolines, lubricating oils, drying oils, resins, ethers, alcohols, glycols, chlori- nated compounds, alkylated paraffins, aromatics and phenols. The unsaturated gases and liquids or their derivatives from cracked prod- ucts have found important uses in rip- ening of fruits, as.growth promoters, and for maturing potatoes and nuts. Ethylene and propane have found ap- plication as anesthetics in surgery. The day is foreseen when the chem- ist will give industry essentially pure hydrocarbons from petroleum instead of the complex mixtures of our pres- ent gasolines and lubricating oils It is predicted by Dr. Egloff that the motor fuels of the future will be com- posed of but few if not single hydro- carbons, with more than double to- day's efficiency. Just now the fuel is ahead of the motors, as the chenfist has ready an aviation motor fuel with an octane rating of over 100. It is a 50-30 mixture of isooctane and isopen- tane with tetraethyl lead added, eNOffi engines now available will utilize - ciently that quality of fuel. Copyright, 1937, by Science Service. Christmas bonuses to employees are subject to Social Security taxes, ac- cording to an announcement made by Nat Rogan, collector of internat reve- nue for Southern California. "Employ- ers are fully privileged," Rogan added, "to absorb their employees' share of these taxes." Catalina Island will give you "rest of your life"--in whichever you choose to take it. 193 To Out" and I WISHES ton THE ] , ntw < o.,.s HIDDEN CHEMICALS t -- RIVAL CO_. AL PRODUCTS We specialize m hurry Director Science Service callsand satlsfactor~ . - -" Coal, particuiarlv its sticky, uninvit- work. , G!ve, us tllat .- ,*ing tar, has been }he wonder raw ma- n}ucn aeslrea opport.u-~ldd terial of chenfistry, showering the ntty to prove our aDtl r ~ . -][d~ world with a nmltitude of dyes, drugs lty to ~,ou _vrenner , ' ., ~ll~ and other products. . pm:ngers wno ser~;e 1[] Petroleum, considered useful pr n- plemter folks ttaat s . __ ]ill]l] arilv as a source of oil and gasoline ~ 'I~ I us. ~ for'motor fuel, is being demonstrated ~ __, _ -- mm as the source of hidden chemical w I;'0rs0n riches I arl ... ,,,,a modern metan, orphosis,of ,,il is t PLUMBING gin accompiishgd bv the process, f crack- ~ [ Sheet Metal Work ~ ing which cot{sists of distilling the FRIGIDAIRE Established,, [m'~l pei'roleum under heat and pressure t(' ~.~. ''I12 117 Whittley Ave. |~ separate out its various components. Phone Crackina t,roduccs many m,,re gal- ~ 124 1921 ~] Ions of be'ttcr gas, dine than nature Can .~. #, T W A T R A R C A D | ~-F1 manufacture. Dr. (_;nstav Egloff, re- ~ __.~.,,.,.,.,.,.,.,.~., ~----~~~~-" search chemist for the Universal Oil .:.~.~..~.~i~.~::+:.~.: