Newspaper Archive of
The Catalina Islander
Avalon, California
December 24, 1924     The Catalina Islander
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December 24, 1924

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PAGE FOUR S P E C I A I, for the Xmas season is our as- sortment of powders and perfumes in dainty boxes, just the thing for delightful gifts. Ex- cellent for the holiday spirit. : "ehaxmingly Different" ST.CATHERINE HOTEL BEAUTY PARLOR Phone for Appointment AL. WILSON { INVENTOR) AL. WILSON TROLLING SPOONS and SPINNERS "BEST BY TEST" 693 Mission St., San Francisco Your Wants Smoothly Attended To at the ATWATER HOTEL ER SHOP "As Good as the Best, Better Than the Rest" BILLIE PRICE, Proprietor Sumner Avenue, A~;alon. California Curios and Souvenirs I.ook f~r the Sign of The Big Curio Store H. D. MacRae Co. ' Write to the Catalina Light Tackle Club, P. O. Box 14, Avalon, California, for information about sea angling. ST. CATHERINE HOTEL (Basement) NOW OPEN TO THE PUBLIC Hours, 8 a.m. to 2 p.m., 4 to 7 p.m, Sundays, 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. Special attention given to Ladies' and Children's Hair Bobbing PRICES: Haircut 50c, Shave 25c UNIQUE SERVICE, Phone 10 / ( FO.P*,NT,NG ] SEE ]Cole Paint Store 210 METROPOLE AVENUE ~ AVALON ..... CALIFORNIA THE GULF OF SANTA CATALINA. (Continued from Page 1. Column 4) possible view upon unhaInpered Nature. Of all human organizations for study of Nature, astronomical observatories most nearly approach the complete ob- servatory ideal. Now it is hoped that we may be able to develop on the shore of the Gulf of Santa Catalina an organization that shall do for the Pa- cific Ocean what the Mount Wilson and Lick Observatories arc doing for stellar space. Oceanic work is made so very diffi- cult by the iml)ossibility of seeing di- rectly either very far into or across the mass of water, that it is even nlore imperative for an oceanic obser- vatory to seek every possible means of contact than it is for astronomical ob- servatory. Hence it is a matter of prime importance in attacking the pro- bless of the Pacific to engage the active interest of numerous agencies and to insure cooperation between them and the observatory. In this line of essential broadening of contacts the Scripps Institution has made rapid strides in the past year. In exchange for use of records of the Institution and other assistance, steamers of the U. S. Coast and Geo- detic Survey have already sent in hun- dreds of samples of water, plankton, and bottom deposits, not only front the Gulf of Santa Catalina, but also from Oregon, Alaska and Aleutian Is- land waters. Recently, local officers of the U. S. Navy have publicly an- nounced and privately confirmed their desire anti intention to follow the sug- gestion of higher authorities that they give similar cooperative assistance. The 1.7. S. Geological Survey, The U.S. Bureau of Soils and the U. S. Bureau of Lightfiouses have also agreed to as- sist in oceanic investigations. At sev- eral points on the eastern shore of the Gulf assistance is being given by the. Southern California Edison Company, and a valuable series of collections from tropical waters was recently ob- tained by Mr. E. W. Scripps with his private yacht Ohio. There are a num- ber.of other agencies, some .not yet so actively engaged in cooperation, but the above list, alone, indicates develop- sent toward observatory ideals. The Gulf of Santa Catalina is pecu- liarly favorable for the establishment and maintenance of a real oceanic ob- servatory. Even winter storms on this Gulf are .rarely severe enough in its southern part to make work impossi- ble by a well equipped vessel. Indeed, it is possible in most years to do some marine work with a small boat on at least one (lay of every week of the year. Certain observations can be made at piers and other shore points on every day of the year, Although the Gulf of Catalina is so small a por- t!on of the Pacific Ocean, it is suffi- ciently open to permit direct observa- tion of important ocean characteristics. The La Jolla location is very good as a center for such observations, since it fronts the open sea, with only minor influence from San Clemente and San- ta Catalina Islands, on the far horizon. Not only is the Gulf important as a basis for study of the Pacific as a whole, but it offers within itself prob- lems of marvelous magnitude, worthy of attack by the most brilliant intel- lects, the most persistent efforts, the most effective equipment, the most comprehensive organization, and the most eolossaljinaneial support. Aside from the brilliant work on the grunion by Dr. Thompson, of the San Pedro Laboratory of the State Fish and Game Commission, we have little direct knowledge of life histories of fishes in the Gulf. For some of the most important, such as the Tuna, we do not even know the single feature of life history which we call "migration." We know very little about the routine conditions of life of the mammals in the Gulf, such as sea lions, porpo!ses anti whales. There is probably not a single kind of sea bird frequenting the Gulf whose life is completely known for the whole year, or from egg to death. Then there are the myriads of other creatures, mostly hidden by the water itself, or by rocks and vegeta- tion, of which we know even less. Why do nlicroscopic organisms some- times appear suddenly in such enor- mous numbers as to ntake the water reddish or brownish in color? Why do sonte of them make the water stink ? Why do they first come in no- table numbers in February in some years, and not until April or May in other years? Which are food for fish and which are harmful to them? If you seriously attack one of these pro- blcms you immediately uncover a large number of other problems which had been hidden by the one. Two years ago, "by meatis of the "Sonic Depth Finder," the Hydro- graphic Office of the U. S. Navy ob- tained material for a map of the ocean bottom along the California coast. For most of the shoreward two-thirds of the floor of the Gulf of Santa Catalina this map shows a moderate slope from expos;ed land to a depth of about 3000 feet on a line between Santa Catalina Island and the Coronado Islands. Just westward of this and extending north- west between Santa Catalina Island and San Clemente Island is a further depression to a depth of about 360t) feet. This depression is bounded on the southwest by the parallel ridge of which San Clemente Island is the peak. These main aspects are broken by nu- merous secondary or tertiary ridges, peaks, and depressions. In other words, the floor formation under this Gulf has its ridges, peaks and valleys astonishingly similar to those ~f Santa Catalina Island or the mainland. This ohservation raises at once the general question as to whether or not the rocks and soils (largely bottom de- posits) and inhabitants of these sub- merged hills and valleys are also strik- ingly similar to those of exposed lands. Evidently the inhabitants cannot be similar in identity, but they can be shnilar in their manner of response to certain conditions of life. The south- western side of the Islan.1 slopes abruptly into a depth of 3600 feet, while the opposite side is slightly less abrupt and does not reach so great a depth. There all sorts of interesting questions to be asked about these two slopes, and the water covering them, and the living things to be foun:t in and over them. And there are similar questions to be asked about the whole mass of water composing the Gulf, and about all of the peculiar formations of ocean floor supporting it. It is for the purpose of helping to find answers to these and many other related ques- tions for the Gulf and for the whole Pacific Ocean that the Scripps Insti- tution seeks to make itself truly a ma- rine observatory. "Keep Avalon a Spotless Town." We pledge our help! Subscribe now--S2.00 per year. THE CATALINA ISLANDEg Write to the Catalina Light Tack.l Club. P. O. Box 14, Avalon, Ca!if0r~tg' for information about sea angling. Watch the world come t~ WrJgley's is double value In the benefit mad pleasure It provides. Sooted ~/to Parity P~-k~re. [ Aualnu lrug $ laui Ibarmarg I-/ Club button If so. tell us about it. There are 6000 buttons out in the world--somewhere. We want to keep in touch with the C. L. T. C. members. Thank you. LYLE PENDEGAST Attorney at LaW 622 Stock Exchange Building 639 So. SPRING ST. Los Angeles Phone VAndlke 94~4 ERNEST WINDLE NOTARY PUBLIC Lo/gel Documents Promptly Executed News Stand, Opp. Boos Bros- cafeteriS