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The Catalina Islander
Avalon, California
December 16, 1937     The Catalina Islander
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December 16, 1937

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PAGE TWO SUNSHINE PSYCHOLOGY {Conthmed from page 1, col. 4) is that on occasion SOUle lninds can read other minds and "see" objects or events through stone walls or over gTeat distances regardless of space arid tune. Experiments are also made in pure telepathy, or mind-reading, with- out any cards at all. That is, the "agent", or "transmitter", thinks hard of the design on a card and the "per- cipient", or "receiver", names the card. Again the scores are so high that luck or chance seelns to be ruled out as the explanation. Rhine has written two books--"Ex- tra-Sensory Perception" and "New Frontiers of the Mind". They create a sensation a:nong psychologists and physicists, because they call forth re- examination and reappraisal of old questions. Is there such a thing as mind-reading, otherwise known as tel- epathy? Or clairvoyance--seeing ob- jects or events with the mind's eye? Are there hidden powers of the mind that science has i~znored? We have our "bunches", our inex- plicable mental experiences, our feel- ing that what is happening now has happened before. We stroll along a street in Paris, ttfink of a friend sup- posedly at home 5,000 nfiles away and a nmmte later encounter him. We have a premonition, an insistent men- tal warning not to take a certain steamer for Europe or to leave a ihouse because it will be burned to the ground within the next twenty-four hours, or to ignore the results of a long, arduous and expensive market study which indicates exactly how a new product is to be sold and to do something entirely different. The steamer goes down, the house burns up, the method of selling the new pro- duct according to a "hunch" is a bril- liant success. The literature of "psychic research" is full of such instances reported by men and women of unquestionable honesty. To all this the skeptic has one an- swer : What of it ? Wildly improb- able things can happen--do happen, in fact. How many premonitions, vis- ions and "hunches" are correct and how many are wrong ? We are prone to be impressed by those that are right and to ignore or forget those that are wrong. No count is kept. This being so, why isn't chance coin- cidence a satisfactory explanation ? l.;ntil telepathic and clairvoyant effects can be produced at will, checked, var- ied, checked again and :imasured no sensible scientist ~vill be convinced that "extra-sensory perception" is an estab- lished fact. Then comes Dr. Rhine with such a series of several t,.undred thousand ex- periments, which seem to indicate that eyeless seeing, or clairvoyance, arrd pure mind-reading, or telepathy, are real phenomena worthy of study. If he had published his results only twenty years ago no one would have paid the slightest attention to him out- side of the societies for psychic re- search. As it is, lie has stirred up a controversy in which statisticians and psychologists haw" taken sides--many of them on his side. Never before have "psychic" phenomena been more aired by reputable men of science. Rhine was riot the first to exercise scientific control in this field. More .than fifty years ago Professor Charles Richet tested the clairvoyant powers of Leonie B. by ask!ng her to name playing cards which he had sealed in opaque envelopes. Whereupon he ap- plied statistical nrethods in analyzing her divinations and found that her re- markably high scores couht not be ex- plained on the supposition that they were chance coincidences. At least a dozen other scientists of repute have followed the same procedure. But un- til Dr. Rhine appeared this accumula- tion of evidence was fol the nlost part ignored or explained away as "fraud", "self-deception", "muscle-reading", "in- voluntary whispering", "superstitious error", or, when the statistical method was applied, as "inadequate for lack of material." He began by conducting a series of experiments which numbered at first 90,000 and later several hundred thou- sand, so that the Statisticians couht not say that it was inadequate. He tested his subjects for telepathy and clairvoyance separately and together and showed that there is some rela- tion between the two still to be dis- covered. He found that extra-sensory perception--his term--is at its best when interest is highest or when caf- feine is administered and at its worst when the brain is drugged or fatigued or depressed because of illness, there- by stripping telepathy and clairvoy- ance of much objectionable mysticism and linking them with normal mental and nervous processes. Following in Rhine's footsteps G. N. Tyrell in England made 31,000 tests with two groups of twenty and twen- ty-nine persons and found four who could run high scores. In one series of experiments which involved 41,000 tests a woman guessed correctly 23.6 per cent of the cards. The odds against such a performance if chance is the explanation are of astrono:nical magnitude. At Tarki0 College, Mis- souri, 60,000 tests were made on sev- enteen subjects under the supervision of Dr. R. W. George with results sim- ilar to Rhine's. At Columbia Dr. C. R. Carpenter (psychologist) and Dr. Harold P. Pha- len (mathematician) made more than 100,000 tests with twenty-four students confirmed Rhine's results and conclud- ed "that certain ot the numerical find- ings of Rhine and his collaborators can be duplica,ted under conditions de- scribed by him." Dr. J. G. Pratt of Professor Gardne; Murphy's labora- tory, also of Coiu:nbia, made 150,000 tests with 123 subjects and carefully, ruled out all possibility of sensory perception. One ~;f his subjects made 80,000 tests and called 29.6 per cent of the cards correctly. Assmne that we can no longer deny that telepathy and clairvoyance are not just accidental groupings of cir- cmnstances, how are they to be ex- plained? An analogy with radio at once suggests itself, rt nmst be re- jected. Radio waves fade away, just as do the ripples generated by a stone thrown into a pond. They travel with a known speed--that of light. Telep- athy disregards di.-tance and time. The effects are just as strong a thousand miles away as they are twenty feet away, and they seem to be instantan- eous. Explorers tell us of savages who become aware of deaths, sickness and catastrophe far, far away. But there is riot the slightest reason to believe that primitive men are "psychically" ulore gifted than we are. Probably there is nothing at all ab- nor:nal about mind-reading or about seeing distant objects or events. Ex- tra-sensory perception is something with which we are all endowed in greater or lesser degree, just as we are all endowed inore or less with the ability to paint, write or compose a song. In other words we are dealing with mental processes which science has neglected, just as it once not only neglected but absolutely refused to be- lieve in hypnotism. It is this rational conception of extra-sensory perception as a normal process which science is likely to adopt in its further explora- tion of the mind's rmknown powers. -----O~ TRAFFIC WHYS By Chief E. Raymond Cat~, California Highway Patrol Q--For what reasons may courts suspend ope:ators' or chauffeurs' li- censes for not exceeding six :nonths; after conviction of course ? A--For the following: a. Driving while intoxicated when no one is injured. b. For 'hit and run', involving property damage. c. Reckless driving which causes bodily injury. d. Drivers of passenger vehicles carrying fare passengers; school bus- es; trucks carrying explosive sub- stances or liquids who fail to stop at railway grade, interurban, or suburban electric railway crossings. Q--Are all motor vehicles required to have mechanically operated wind- shieht wipers ? A--Yes, the law now requires a self- operating wiper to be a part of all motor vehicles, excepting snow re- moval equipment. Q--What happens to fines or for- feitures collected from persons con- THE CATALINA victed of a misdemeanor under the Vehicle Code when the arrest is made by any state or county officer? A--All such money is deposited in the county's special road fund of the county where the offense occurred. Q--I have lost :ny operator's license and am working such long hours I do not find time to secure a duplicate or renewal. Will it be satisfactory if I borrow my brother's for a few weeks ? A--It is a misdemeanor for any one to loan to or permit the use of his operator's or chauffeur's license by an- other person. Also to present as your own an operator or chauffeur's license issued to another :.person. Q--Is it lawful to pernfit a motor vehicle to be left in the street with the motor running? I notice milk wa- gon drivers and delivery folks seen> ingly have :nade this a practice. A--When a motor vehicle is left un- attended upon a highway, the brakes must first be set and the motor stopped. Q--In connection with our apart- ment building, we rent garages to our tenants. Must I report the nlake, li- cense numbers, etc., of such cars to the sheriff or police? A--Not when the garage is rented as a part of an agreement to rent an apartment on the same premises also. Q--Please tell me the li:nit of length of vehicles or combinations which are allowed to use the high- ways ? A--A single vehicle can only be 33 feet and no com'bination may be more than 60 feet. Length of loads are re- stricted to 75 feet from the front and rear extremity, pipe and poles ex- cepted. Q--Do the vehicle laws apply to rid- ers of horses and bicycles ? A--Yes, as to rules of the road, and lights as to bicycles, but not as to registration fees. -~----o-~ BOY SCOUT EXECUTIVES HOLD DECEMBER MEETING The regular meeting of the local Boy Scout Executives was held on Wednesday evening, December 8, at the Avalon City Hall. Talhnan H. Trask, District Execu- tive, discussed the Annual Caravan to The Mustang, near Pahn Springs. This Caravan w!ll be held 28 to 30 ,and will be attended large number of Scouts from adena-San Gabriel District, with goodly representation from The next regular Court of Hc will be held at the Boy Scout in Avalon, in the early part of J2 ary, 1938. Preparedness Mistress: "What is in that bottle on the kitchen mantel Mary ?" Maid: "Oh, just some stuff mending china, ma'am."--Hu:nnael. HearYd To All Our Wishes A Merry Christina and a Happy New You Will Enjoy The i NEWYEAR'S EVE CELEBRATION AT Hotel St. Catherine i FEXTURI]IG Teq 1. Dawson -,,0-,. Reeordlng Orehestra i SPECIAL EN'FER'I_'AIN,IENT ELABORATE FAVORS i $2.o0 Per Plate ~. PI us T a x m MAKE YOUR RESERVATIONS NOW BY AVALON 10 m~[t~[{~[~[~[~u~[l[[[[[~lll~i~lllll~n~l~i~lIu~[~[~[[~[~i~l~l[l[l~l~iHlN~lI~ll[[[~[~l[~]~[~f~[~[l~[[~l~l~l~i~u[~l[~[[[~H~[~[i[[[[~i~[[[[~[~[l[[~[[ OFFICE PHONE S1 RESIDENCE PHONE fll o Your Family Pbysicia - DR. FREDERICH JOHN PERSKE ____-~ PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, OSTEOPATH, CHIROPRACTOR HERNIA TI~EATED BY INJECTION METHOD VAHICOSE VEINS, RECTAL DISOHDEHS i | llllllill 517 CRESCKNT AVENUE OFFICE ]IouI1S: 10 TO 1~; 1 TO 5, AND BY APPOINTMENT