Newspaper Archive of
The Catalina Islander
Avalon, California
December 10, 1924     The Catalina Islander
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December 10, 1924

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PAGE FOUR THE CATALINA IS WE carry a complete stock of the best hair goods, made up of nat- ural hair, for all pur- poses. Also, combings made up. All shades, lowest prices. "Charmingly Different" ST. CATHERINE HOTEL BEAUTY PARLOR Phone for Appointment AL. WILSON (fNVENTOR) AL. WILSON TROLLING SPOONS and SPINNERS "'BEST BY TEST" 693 Mission St., San Francisco Your Wants Smoothly Attended To at the ATWATER HOTEL "As Good as the Best, Better Than the Rest" BILLIE PRICE, Proprietor Sumner Avenue, Avalon, California Curios and Souvenirs Look for the Sign of The Big Curio Store H, O. MacRae Co. ql, Write to the Catalina Light Tackle Club, P. OT"Box 14, Avalon, California, for informatien about sea angling. ST. CATHERINE HOTEL :~ (Basement) NOW OPEN TO THE PUBLIC Hours, 8 a.m. to 2 p.m., 4 to 7 p.m. Sundays, 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. Special attention given to Ladies' and Children's Hair Bobbing PRICES: Haircut 50c, Shave 25c UNIQUE SERVICE. Phone 10 THE PURSE SEINE """'By N. B. Scofield. ~'~ The purse seine is an American in- vention. The first purse seine was made by three Rhode Island men in the year 1826. The net was 65 fath- oms long and 284 meshes deep• The5" set out with the net in a large row boat manned by fourteen men, all of them, of course, without any experi- ence in using a net. They set the net successfully around what they estimat- ed to be a 500 barrel school of men- haden. There were too many fish for them to handle and the net was soon in a hopless tangle on account of the" fish carrying the webbing around the purse line• They were unable to com- plete the haul and after some wrang- ling among the men as to what should be done, they towed the net into shore and at low tide next day got the net untangled. It was several days be- fore the), could make up their minds to try it again. The next tinle they tried it on a small school of manhaden with better success. Fishermen are very conservative and slow to make changes and the purse net was not used to any extent until about 1850, at which time it played a part in the catching of shad manhaden and mack- erel. The nets used at this time were about i00 fathoms in length and 22 fathoms deep and made of 2}~-inch mesh. The bunt or full part at the center of the net was 250 mesh.':s square. By 1860 these nets were com- ing into more general use but, after all these years of fishing, the fisher- men still used them in shallow water near shore where the lead line wouh] reach the bottom. In 1862 a fisher- man discovered that mackerel could be taken in deep water with these nets. This was an epoch-making dis- cover.v. ['t) to that time mackerel were caught mainly in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. By operating purse seines in deep water it was fotmd that mackerel could be taken along our own shores between Cape Hatteras and the Bay of Fundy in much great- er numbers. By 1870 the purse seine was in general nse in the nlackerel fishery. By 1N~0 the mackerel fleet was owned almost entirely by New England fishermen• About this time the mackerel fisher- men of Norway began to feel nervous for purse seine fishermen threatened to invade their waters and they were afraid that they wot~ht have to discard their smaller boats and nets and adopt the purse seine method for self pro- tection. Therefore a .vood',[eal of ex- citenlent was created when in April, 187& Captain Knu,t Markurson set Otlt in the schooner Notice for the c~)ast of Norway with a crew of twelve men and with the latest model l,tllSt' net. h was the plan to fish outside the fisheries territorium of Norway and to return with the salted mackerel to the United States. If the venture had proved successful the mackerel fisher- ies of Norway would have been invad- ed by a fleet of purse seine ])oats from the United States au(1 the economic relations of the two governments might have been severly strained. But the voyage was not a success and the purse seine to this (lay has remained is the most successful net used in the mackerel fisheries of our Atlantic coast and is the net universally used in the great menhaden industry. The purse seine was probably intro- duced on the Pacific coast when it was first used in the sahnon fisheries of Puget Sound. According to John N. Cobb (Pacific Sahnon Fisheries, Re- port of the United States Commission- er of Fisheries for the year 1916) the first purse seine used for sahnon in Puget Sound is believed to have been used by Chinese in 1886. The first '* seines were operated from scows with oars for motive power. In 1903 the first gasoline powered purse seine boat was used. It was so superior to the row scows that their number increased• They were used mainly for taking sockeye salmon but were also used for taking silver, dog and king sahnon and also steelhead. The nets were used also in the wa- ters of Alaska and a few boats oper- ated for a time in the mouth of the Columbia River. As these arc the type of boats and nets now being used in southern Cal- ifornia waters, we give Mr. Cobb's ex- cellent description of them: . These seines are about 200 fathoms long, 25 fathoms "in the bunt and 20 fathoms in the wings, all with a 3a~- inch stretch mesh. The foot line is heavily leaded and the bridles are about I0 feet long. The purse line is made of l~/~-inch hemp. The rings through which the purse line is rove measure about 5 inches in diameter and are made of galvanized iron. The purse seine vessels are built with rounded sterns. On an elevated section of the stern is set a movable platform on a pivot. The after end of this platform has a long roller. The purse seine is stowed on this platform, the head rope with corks on one side and the foot line on the other, so that there will be no tangling when the seine is paid out. When the lookout sights a school of fish the seiner is run down close to it and a rowboat launched• One man takes his place in this with the rope from one end of ('he seine and acts as a pivot, while the spinet circles around the school, the crew paying out the seine as she moves along. When it is all out the vessel runs alongside the row boat and takes a- board tile other rope. Attaching this and the rope from the other end to the power winch, the circle around the fish is rapidly narrowed and the slack of the seine as it comes in is stowed back on the platform. Around the bottoln of tile seine and through gal- vanized iron rings about five inches in diameter, rnns the purse line. As this is hauled into the boat the open space at the bottom is rapidly closed up just as a handbag wonld be through the drawing together of the pursing string at the top. l)uring this operation the noIlpOx, VCr purse seiners have a nlan standing alongside the rail who throws a pole into the center iu order to drive the fish away fronl the open section. He is so skilful in his work that a!- most invariahly the pole comes back to his hand as the pressure of the waters forces it lip again. When the bottom has been pursed up the fisher- men, hauling 1)y hand, can move lei- surely, but with the power winches in use the hauling in of the net is a comparatively easy matter aml the pole thrower is dispensed with. Wheu all the fish are in the bunt and the latter alongside the fish are generally dipped out by means of a dip net balanced on the end of a tackle. A fisherman lowers it into the seine, scoops up a load of sahnon, and as the net is hauled up, guides it over • ' on this tlMde of the Atlantic. Captain the vessel and then trips it and dumps ( " I~'¢'IR PAIkTI'N~ ~' ~''~' :'/~:" ~VI'~0;n, ,off bls returns-said he was the fish into the hold. [ ... . ,.. ...... .,., ..... , ] unable to azse his seine w~th any suc- ,; ~ ~ • ': SEE .':;: /'. '~: , ,'*, . ' ",~ ~ " :-:7 :." | i cess, owftag to the fact "that th'e-mack- Apparently the Imrse seinewas first • , . |~nlo Pnl.t gtneo/ .~0t dld not .SCrhOOl tg.Kg,t!er m large used in California for capturing the ] vav a .6aaa 5 va .l .bodies i£ ll e watt, asktileSdo on sardines and anchovies for the first | ~,~o Md~i*61~ ~V='Ni.)- , :; ...... t': fl'~ NeW I~tl-~t;~"l,a.:'-; sardine, cannery located, at North ~AVALON ..a -:;;!.. CALIFORNIA J. At the pr&igni, fi'i~Z-{hi: p'u/seseitae Beac'[i~;. (C;/iti,luedS'an" Francisco;.on. Page }, eoluamin i890/i) anti Write to the Catalina Club, P. O. Box 14, Avalon, for information about sea angling. Watch tile worht come to~ Cleanses mouth und teeth and aids dlgesUoa- Relleves that over- eaten |ee//ng and uefd Wrfgley's Is double value In the benefit stud pleasure ll provides. Packa Yhe/lavor JONTEEL SOAP CARRIES THE FRAGRANCE Of 23 FLOWERS TO YOUR BATHROOM 25c a CAKE ISLAND PHARMACY {7,0. 417 Crescent Avenue Perhaps you have found some°~j. wearing a Catalina Light Ta¢~s" Club button. If so, tell us about it. There are 6000 buttons out in the world--somewhere. We want to keep in touch with the C. L. T. C. members. Thank you. LYLE PENDEGAST Attorney at LaW 622 Stock Exchange Building 639 So. SPRING ST. VAndike 94~ Los Angeles Phone nw,-- .. ERNEST WINDLE NOTARY PUBLIC Legal Documents PromDtiy Executed News Stand, Opp. Boos Bros. CMe|~].~.J HUBBARB AUTO SALES I;0. AUTHORIZED FORD AND LINCOLN DEALERS MOTORS REBUILT And Returned in Three Days CLAUDE -ALTON, AVALON ; RiPRESENTATIVE