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The Catalina Islander
Avalon, California
October 16, 1941     The Catalina Islander
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October 16, 1941

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OCTOBER 16, 1941 Slip of Lip . . By W. E. Allen a week ago my lower lip got out of line for an instant while ~ Placidly chewing a bit of food, ntented as any cow. This slip of had very painful results, most destroying my placidity t. It even destroyed temporarily after the hor- crunch of nay teeth through living flesh. or two later, the same mishap again, more painful because Sensitivity of the wound. In a Ites there was another occur- for two or three days all Well until the worst slip of all aade. Now I am trying to re- to chew on the other side of and to close my teeth to- mouth biting experiences dly ever since I can rcmem- two or three times in ears, less in others Sometimes been injured, more often a and most often my tongue. Up time I have never given the much thought, probably because realized that the fitting of the rts is so close that more or might be expected. I have been im- some consideration of the ~non. Natnrally, I am trying of a satisfying explanation. I had been inclined to believe tSual nervousness was the cause 'ral way. But, so far as I can experiences have not strong- that view. Unless I am the injury has occurred more I was feeling relaxed and than it has when I was 'I have known the to prevail. a vague idea that I have s'uf- ; injury more often when talk- when silent while chewing. idea is worth little because Is so sharp and so surprising re is little tendency to take incidental conditions. How- idea fits well with the the- explanations which come to I think about this especial- experience. and cheeks fit loosely teeth both in action and Certain parts are never as hundredth of an inch from of painful injury. The little better off since nearly is done with some point with the teeth, often with it outward between them. to say some partieu- ~.r utter some special sound hps, cheeks and tongue are :g action in chew- ~ay be confusion and the in- of sound making may cause Wrong movement of a lip "lg. there is nothing more won- all of the wonders of than the fact that our :s work so uniformly well tat so rarely the safe struc- from the " vicious they must always act This Wonder is all because we can per- actions with lips, cheeks at will (consciously) al- of their routine move- automatic (sub-conscious). the Only pathways for )ntrolling messages are ex- extremely delicate, eontroll~/d in either way. SUCh mishaps as a slip of 1.aost often caused by the ' interfering with the the central au- overriding the local Fix: "Should a father of d again ?" that is enough chil- Y Irlan." SARMIENTO---THE "SCHOOLMASTER"--FAMOUS PRESIDENT OF ARGENTINA By Edward C. Johnstorl Note--We will publish additional att- thentic feature articles dealinff with sig- nificant personalities and fundamental institutions of Latin American coun- tries whose newspaper publishers are cooperating with Publishers' Reciprocal Program (Inter-American) by publish- ing in their pewspapers feature articles backgrounding and interpretative of our "way of life" in the United States. --Editor. To Domingo Faustino Sarmiento can be traced most of the fundamental bases of present Argentine life. Iron- jawed opposition leader, exile, deImty, senator, diplomat, general, President of the Republic, he had only one motto, the teaching of the ignorant. Born in 1811, Sarnfiento, was truly a son of the revolution. For the pre- vious year the Spanish cohmies pre- ferred their independence to incorpora- tion into the empire headed by Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain by appoint- ment of his brother Napoleon. hnme- diately, the young 8armiento's life took on that movement and advent- urous character it would have to the end: his father migrated to Chile. And it was in the neighboring province of Chile that the young Argentine grew up, and worked first as a small retail merchant, then a.s clerk and later as a mine operator. No schooling was available. Never- theless, Sarmiento, like the Abe Lin- coln whos"e biography he was to write later, found time and opportunity to read and learn. In 1936, he returned to Argentina and opened a school for young women in .his home town of San Juan. Beginning in 1829 the notorious dic- tator Rosas dominated the whole coun- try by controlling the fountain head~ then as now--of all Argentine life; the city of Buenos Aires. Started ~al Newspaper Two years were enough for Sar- miento and he returned to Chile in a hurry, having meanwhile been in jail for opposing the dictator, In Chile he engaged in journalism, founding a lib- eral paper which ceaselessly attacked the Rosas regime and tactics. All this time, however, Sarmiento had been showing that while he deserved con- sideration as a jou.rnalist and writer, his real work was education. In 1942 he founded in Chile, the first normal school in Latin America. From this point on, education was the real interest in Sarmiento's life. As Mrs. Horace Mann says, "Sar- miento had as his watchword, 'The education of the people.' Adventures and political activity; diplomacy, study abroad or warring; all meant to Sar- miento only the fult/illment of his creed, the 'public education is the only basis of a republic.' " Sarmiento participated in the revolu- tion led by General Urquiza which overthrew the Rosas dictatorship at the battle of Caseros in 1852. He was then made mini.ster of public instruc- tion. There were at that time no schools to speak of in the Argentine. The principle of universal education which today one takes for granted had not caught on. There were a couple of universities specializing in theology and law and the parochial schools maintained by the Church. Yet gov- ernors of states needed to" learn to write; the young republic was crying for administrators, technicians, agricul- turists. Education of the people meant literally the educaton of a nation, and Sarmiento threw himself into his life's work, Finally in 1865 he was appointed Xfini, ster to the United States. Founder of School System It has been rightly said that Do- mingo Faustino Sarmiento is the father of the Argentine school system. His country knows and loves the irascible old man who had no patience with ignorance, and is aware that he is di- rectly responsible for Argentina having one of the most complete and advanced PAGE FIVE school systems in the world. He was a prophet of free public education To- clay we accept this as ~n everyday necessity, but his life and that ~or- ime Mann both show that they suffer- ed the bitterest kind of opposition and attack. Sarmiento cast the mold of Ar- gentine educatmn, and thereby of Ar- gentine thought. Sarmiento's genius resides in having been ahead of his time. He personified progress and that lively spirit of in- quiry wfiich is so typical of his coun- trymen today; what Ricardo Rojas' great Argentine critic and writer calls, "the anarchistic individuality of the Argentine character." Sarmiento had no theory to sell. His only aim was to make the people enlightened, demo- cratic, modern, whether in Chile, the United States or Argentina. Sarmiento's life was like that of' Chaucer's scholar. "Fain would I leart~ , and gladly teach." He did both. '1> AVALON PUBLIC LIBRARY Avalon Branch of the t-a~s Angeles. County Public Library, in Atwater Arcade, is open every week (lay from. t:30 to 4:30 and 7:00 to 9,:00;p.m, O Try our Adlet Colunm. It helps Office Phone $1 Res, Phone 181 YOUR FAMILY PHYSll;IAN DR. 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