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The Catalina Islander
Avalon, California
September 14, 2012     The Catalina Islander
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September 14, 2012

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The age of00Catalina airline service: 1941 to 1976 THIS IS THE SECOND IN A THREE-PART SERIES ON CATALINA ISLAND'S AVIATION HISTORY. BY JIM WATSON Catalina Air Transport, our own homegrown airline run by the Santa Catalina Island Company, was looking forward to expanding their air service as the new decade of the 1940s came along. The airline had only recently grown from seaplane-only service leaving from Wilmington, to a sea and land-based system with new routes that included Lockheed Air Terminal in Burbank and the Long Beach Airport. On the Cata- lina Island end of the flight plan, planes were scheduled to land not only at Hamilton Cove, but at the new Catalina Airport that was be- ing built in the Island's interior. But in Juty of 1941, in response to the growing threat of the Japa- nese military and the expanding war in Europe, th,,U.S. Army "requisitioned" all four airplanes belonging to the airline, which included two Douglas Dolphins and a pair of land-based Lockheed Lodestars. After the attack on Pearl Harbor and the declaration of war, the Army took the final step of taking over the Catalina Airport and prohibiting all tour- ism o the Island. Over the next four years of war, civilian aviation on Catalina came to a dead stop. Even military avia- tion was .nearly non-existent since most of the fighter planes were LEFT: Catalina Air Transport's Lockheed Lodestar NC33616 sits on the runway at Lockheed Air Terminal (now Bob Hope) in Burbank circa 1940. Not long after tis photograph was taken, the plane was requisitioned by the U.S. Army. It saw service with Britain's Royal Air Force and the Free French in North Africa during Wodd War II, but never returned to Catalina. RIGHT: A crew of dockboys unloads the mighty "Mother Goose" at the tip of the Green Pier in this late 1950s photograph. The four-engine plane carried passengers from Long Beach to Avalon and back for more than a decade. needed overseas and, in any case, the runway at the Catalina Airport was blockaded with timbers and barbed wire to prevent the Japa- nese from landing there, should they decide to try to take the Is- land. The only aviation-related, inci- dent of note on Catalina during the war was the tragic crash of K-111 a U.S. Navy blimp that lost its way while patrolling the West Coast and, in the dark of night, crashed into the hills above Avalon. Five of the 10 crewmembers were killed instantly, while two others died in the ensuing days. When the war finally ended in 1945, the ban on tourism was once again lifted and Catalina sudden- ly found itself in need of ways to transport the man3/ tourists that were sure to come to the Island in the post-war years The S.S. Cata- lina and the S.S. Avalon were put back into civilian service, but an aviation-minded Philip Wrigley also wanted the people of the Is- land to enjoy the convenience of air service. Catalina Air Line never did get their four planes back, so in 1946 Mr. Wrigley made a deal with Chi- cago-based United Air Lines to provide air service to the Catalina Airport. At the same time down in Ava- lon, a handful of seaplane operators went into business, including Cali- fornia Maritime Airlines--which operated PBY Catalinas--along with an upstart airline named Amphibian Air Transport, which brought to the Island the venerable Grumman Goose G21A, the plane that would become the most vis- ible and iconic plane in Catalina's seaplane history. Friday Saturday Sunny Sunny 81 165 80164 Precip Cha: 0% Pxccip Chance; 0% i T I 'J' | Lit i | 2t  d I B W/' &-H li l! Itmtlm K. I Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Sunny Mostly Sunny Sunny Mostly Sunny Mostly Sunny 77164 75/61 79/61 76/62 78164 Precip Chance: 0% Precip Chance: 5% Precip Chance: 0% Precip Chance: 5% Precip Chance: 5% Peak Fishing "l'ines This Vfeek Io-21314151617 BIMIoI "+1 0-2: Low, 3-5: Moderate. 6-7: Hh, 8-10: Very High, I t+: Extreme ExlxstLre 9/3 84 71 76164 0.00" 9/4 88 72 75164 0,00" 9/5 81 71 75164 0.01" 9/6 78 69 75164 0.00" 9/7 78 68 75164 0.00" 9/8 81 69 75164 0.00" 919 92 66 75164 0.00" "|'ides This Week %Veal her "|i'ivia How high do thunderstorms "  grow? f Answer: The majority of thunderstorm clouds grow to heights of more than 20,000 feet. Wealher History Sun/Moon Char( This VV'eek Seot. 14. 1987 - Thunderstorms developing "along a cold front produced ,severe weather from Minnesota to Texas. Thunderstorms in Iowa produced baseball size hail at Laporte City and 80 mph winds at Laurens. I I Today we will see sunny skies with a high temperature of 81", humidity of 27%. The record high temperature for today is 97 set in 1971, Fri, Expect mostly clear skies tonight with an Sat overnight low of 65 . The record low for tonight Sun is 48 set in 1956. Saturday, skies will be suuny Mon with a high temperature of 80 , humidity of 32%, Tue Skies will be mostly clear Saturday night with an Wed ovenfight low of 640. Expect sunny skies Sunday Thu with a high temperature of 77 , Skies will be mostly sunny Monday with a high temperature of 75 . Tuesday, skies will be sunny with a high temperature of 79 . AM EM 9:31-11:31 10:01-12:0l 10:20-12:20 10:50-12:50 11:11"-1:11 11:41-1:41 12:34-2:34 12:04-2:04 1:29-3:29 12:59-2:59 2:26-4:26 1:56-3:56 3:25-5:25 2:55-4:55 Avalon Catalina Harbor 'Fd 9:05 am 2:52 mn 8:55 pm 2:55 pm Fri i 9:10 am 3.'00 am 9.'00 pm 3:03 pm S 9:.31 am 3:21 am 9:36pm 3:34pm Sat 9:36am 3:29am 9:41 pm 3:42pm Sun lO:00am 3:50am 10:19pm 4:16pm Sun 10:05am 3:58am 10:24pm 4:24pm Mort 10:32am 4:21am ll:061n 5:02pro M0n 10:37ran 4:29am lhllpm 5:10pm Tue ll.'am 4:53am ll:58pm 5:53pm Tile: ll:12am 5:01am None 6:0lpm Wed lh48am 5:29am None 6:52pm X'ed 12:03am 5:37am lh53am 7:00pro Thu L'03am 6:09am 12:37pm 8:03pro Thu l.'0gam 6:lTam 12:42pm 8:ltpm New Fri 6:36 a.m. 7:00 p:m, 5:09 &m. 5:59 p.m. Full 91!5 Sat 6:37 a.m. 6:59 p.m. 6:12 a.m. 6:35 p.m. 9/29 Sun 6:38 a.m. 6:58 p.m. 7:17 a.m. 7:12 p.m. Mon 6:38 a.m. 6:56 p,n. 8:24 a.m. 7:52 p.m. Fh-st Tue 6:39 a.m, 6:55 p.m. 9:32 a.m, 8:35 p.m. ( Last 9/7Z Wed 6:40 a.m. 6:54 p,m. 10:40 a.m. 9:24 p.m. 1018 Tim 6:40 a.m. 6:52 p.m. : t1:47 a.m. 10:17 p.m. Three Great Boa to FTour the Isle in Style 310-510-2440 Charters ,C00._tal, 4 i Friday, September 14, 2012 THE CATALINA ISLANDER