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The Catalina Islander
Avalon, California
August 13, 1924     The Catalina Islander
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August 13, 1924

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PAGE FOUR- WRITER COMPARES .. PUBLIC AND PRIVATE OPERATION UTILITIES (Continued from Page 2, Column 1) cheaper rates than the city can itself?" "That's the easiest question I've been asked in a long time," Mr. Wrigley replied. "It is simply because we put men in charge of engines and dyna7 moes who are engineers and electri- cians, and not because they can de- liver the vote of their neighborhood on election day. Because, as a private concern, we have a larger vision of the future than most city councils have, and because we can develop a pro- ject because we think it should be de- veloped, and not because we want to favor, or fear to offend, some private interest. Business is business--gov- ermnent is something else," he said. Avalon was incorporated as a city in 1913 because, it is said, the people who came to spend a week-end wanted a supply of beverage that was then forbidden because the island was un- der the laws of Long Beach. Incor- poration made them independent of the ordinances of the city on the mainland, and placed them in a posi- tion to offer resorters everything they could obtain in the cafes of Los Ange- les. National prohibition changed all that, but the town of Avalon con- tinued 'to flmction as a city of the sixth class. At that time the island was owned by the Banning interests, and continued very much the same from day to day, season to season. In 1919 William Wrigley bought the property and immediately set in Ino- tion machinery for the enlargement and improvement of the resort. Up to the advent of Mr. Wrigley no lands were sold, and persons who owned cottages leased the ground from year to year. Under this arrangement no first class houses were built, and no interest was taken in the city as a municipality, in order to effect a change in this the Wrigley company placed residence and business property on the market, with the result that hundreds of lots were sold and sub- stantial buildings took the place of wooden shacks. Expansion and experiments were in the air, and it was an easy task for the agitator who had long waited for a chance to agitate to create a senti- ment for public ownership and the destruction of private interests. The Wrigley company offered no organiz- ed opposition to the movement, so in 1919 bonds were voted and more than $130,000 of the people's nmney was spent for power plant, transmission lines, gas plant and water works. Unr der the supervision of a board of trus- tees and a city manager who was paid a salary of $400 a month, the city started its business career. "/'he results were discouraging. In order to keep the electric plant going at all they were forced to charge 14 cents a kilowatt for electricity. This adv:anced price, which worked a gen- uine hardship on every consumer, was enough to pay the managers and em- ployees. Oil and other supplies, the item of depreciation, and the cost of necessary extensions, soon created a sum on the wrong side of the ledger much greater than the city could car- ry. More bonds were impossible, tax- es were needed for other items of ex- pense and the imblic utilities became nightmares. In order to save themselves and col- lect several items of indebtedness, anmng them ~30,000 the city owed them for oil, the Wrigley company took over all the plants tmder a five- year agreement. The company simply assumed the role of producer, and prom- ised to furnish light, gas, power and water cheaper than it had ever been produced on the island. Under the agreement the city receives the output of the various plants at a wholesale rate, retails it to the individual attd collects the bills. Under this arrangement the cost of gas and electricity has been reduced nearly fifty percent, and the city is making a net profit enough to pay for police protection and several other items of govermnental costs. The Wrigley contpany is making a profit big enough to allow them to accmnu- late a sinking fund which will offset an im-estment of nmre than $225,0(~3 by the end of the five-year period, and in the meantime are making a present to the city of power enough for their street lights and are maintaining a salt water pumping plant which proides fire protection and water for sewer flushing and other uses absolutely free. Before the beginning of another summer season the great water project will be completed at Middle Ranch, and a million gallon storage reservoir will be in operation. This will mean that bringing water for drinking pur- poses from the mainland will be dis- continued and that lmre mountain water will be supplied in abundance. Under municipal manageulent the the city had storage for 30,000 gallons of water. The consuml;tion during July this )'ear was more than 11,000,- 000 gallons, sent from Middle Ranch. This water is lifted 900 feet by power pnnlps into the great reservoir, front which it has a fall of 1400 feet to the city on the bay. Its transnfission by gravity force is accomplished at a minimum of expense. When the city went out of the elec- tric light producing business, it had an antiquated steam plant whose ultra capacity was 45(10 kilowatts. The lares- ent plant can produce more than 8500 kilowatts. With the old plant the ex- pense was as great when there was a miuiinmn consumption as when the load was at the "peak," as the entire plant was running all the time. Now there have been installed seven mod- ern Deisel engines, so that just enough power is supplied to keep up with the demand of consumers. The old plant had a total of 300 horsepower, the new one 2000. [- St. Catherine Hotel eauty arlor OPEN TO PUBLIC Deep French Wave Marcelling and Facials Our Specialty PHONE FOR APPOINTMENTS ..____J F FOR EVERYONE A Brilliantine that REMOVES DANDRUFF, Promotes the Growth of Hair, and It stays Combed as you like it. ONAOLA MOTOR CREAM Prevents and Relieves Sunburn. Try it and see the difference. Ask your Barber or Hairdresser. They Know ! / "There are many reasons why the modern plant is a n|oney-saver," said Mr. Renton, yesterday. "For instance, it never seemed to occur to the man- agement of the city operated plant that lubricating oil on the old steam engine would be good for front 400 to 450 horsepower hours. \Vith the modern Deisel system weget fronl 1200 to 1400. Not a great saviug daily, but a big one at the end of the year." The company has established a stan- (lard for road construction which w{~ lead to diffienhies if the time comes when the city or county attempts to extend roads on the island. A new mountain highway has just been com- pleted which leads from Pebbly Beach to Lookout Point, more than a mile on a steep mountain grade. The cost of the macadam highway, more than a mile in length was approximately $3,- 500. "Compare this with the roads the county and state pay in the neighbor- hood of $35dKI0 a mile for," said Mr. Renton, who is justly proud of the many things he has accomplished and the money he has saved his company and the people of his adopted city. JUDGE FLEMING SAYS TO TEACH OBEDIENCE The awakening on the part of the public to its duty in civic affairs, es- pecially in voting to put the best men in office, and the teaching of children the importance of an early obedience to the law, are the two most impor- tant factors in citizenship at the pres- ent time, according to Judge John L. Fleming, who is seeking to be return- ed to the Superior Court bench to which he was appointed by the gover- nor a year ago to fill a vacancy. In rendering his decisions on the bench Judge Fleming has sought to obtain justice for the litigants with the least possible delay, and he exercises a hmnan understanding of the issues in his cases, according to attorneys who have tried snits before him. Judge Fleming has visited many cities and comnmnities in the county where he has spoken on the qualifica- tions of citizenship and the relations a jurist shouht have with the people in their legal troubles. Thomas P. White, former Los Anegles police jt, dge, and a well known lawyer, has written in a letter to the Judge: "You not only possess a profound learning in the law, but 3"our elevation to the present high position which you hold has not dimmed your vision nor cooled your touch with human f,aihies. You have been kind and extremely courteous to both lawyers and litigants who appear before you, amt your dis- tinguished service upon the bench should merit for you, as 1 know it will, the support of citizens of all classes. I assure you it will be a pleasure to aid you iu your campaign." Making It Easy The detmty warden of the peniten- tiary was looking over the new arri- vals. Among them was a tall, forlorn- looking gentleman of color who seem- ed to take it very hard, sighing so deeply that the deputy asked: "What's the matter, boy?" "Mah sentence, sah !" was. the mom-nfnl reply. "Ah, cain't do all this heah time the jedge done gib me!" "How much are yon doing?" in- quired the deputy. "Life!" exclaimed the new arrival. "Well," remarked the deputy, not unkindly, "just do what you can of it." --Everybody's Magazine. She--Oh, doctor, I've broken my glasses. Do [ have to be examined all over again ? Optician--No--Just your eyes.. THE CATALINA eoerIj P t! appetite aids dl It makes food do yoa good. Note it relieves that stuffy alter hearty eating. Whitessm Squibbs' Milk of DENTAL C The Best Tooth Paste Counteracting Mouth Acidity 50 Cents AVALON DRUO 405 Crescent Avenue LYLE PENDEGAST Attorney at 622 StoCk Exchange Buildizzf 639 So. SPRING ST. Los Angeles Phone VAndike The Catalina Islander will correspondence on problems of $ chological nature. ERNEST WINDLI NOTARY PUBLI LeEal Documents Promptly Executed News Stand, Opp. Boos Bros. afe|' HUBBARD AUTO SALES AUTHORIZED FORD AND LINCOLN MOTORS REBUILT And Returned in Three Days CLAUDE WALTON AVALON REpRESENTATIV PENS PAPER PENCILS PADS ENVELOPES Windle'S