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The Catalina Islander
Avalon, California
July 30, 1924     The Catalina Islander
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July 30, 1924

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PAGE FOUR CUBICAL CULTIVATION A SCIENCE CHAT ON OUR MARINE LIFE By Dr. Edwin E. Slosson Director Science Service, Washington The city man has the advantage of the countryman in that he can expand his business perpendicularly. Our city "squares" have become cubes, but the farmer lives in Flatland like all his an- cestors. When he buys an acre of land he only gets an acre area. But when the city man buys an acre he piles story on story till he gets ten or twenty acres of floor space out of it. The forester, it is true, can raise his foliage factory to the height of a house, but then the shaded space be- neath becomes useless. But in part of the world these limi- tations on life do not apply and this is the greater part of the earth's surface; in fact seventy-one percent of it, For water, unlike soil, is transparent, and the sunlight, which supplies the vital energy to all vegetation, can penetrate the ocean to the depth of a thousand feet or more, which beats the sky- scraper by far. Thinl< of having a garden measuring a thousand feet by a thousand feet full of growing vege- tation! And what a pasture that would make for stock able to feed off every cubic foot of it! Such garden plots and such pastures there are in'the sea, but so far man has done nothing in the way of culti- vating them. His control stops with hunts in the ocean as his ancestors did in the forest, unsystematically, wastefully, often disastrously, destroy- ing what he desires. Man has hardly yet begun to con- sider the conservation of the wild life of the sea, still less its cultivation. These are questions for the future. But this future is rapidly coming, for each year the fishing craft have to go farther and farther out to sea and use more power in getting their haul. Brit- ish t'rawlers Can now get only about half their fish from the North Sea, and they are forced to trawl the banks of the Faroe Islands and Iceland. It takes eight to ten tons of coal to catch a ton of fish and the trawler gets on the average only about five cents a ipound for it at the port. Before the war a q~. riti~fi" st dam: trawler of 125 fe'et in length~co;uM ~e run profitably for less than $20,000 a year. Today it costs some $50,000. Coal and nets are twice the prewar price. The herring fishing of Great Britan has been hardest hit bX the war. In 1914 the industry ~a~ ~'worth nearly $25,000,000 a year and employed some 60,000 people. More than 2,250,-000 bar-- rels of pickled herring were exported. But 70 percent of these exports went to Russia and twenty percent to the German, and now the Russians haxe locked their doors and the Germans have scant'money to pay. Poland and- the United States have curtailed the may be removed or readjusted, but un- til we learn more about ocean life we shall not be able to make full use of the harvests of the sea. We have ta- ken the first step when we realize that there is a "reason" for such a migra- tion even though we must admit that it remains "mysterious." If we open the stomach of a herring, we may find it contains as many as 60,000 coepods. The coepods are primitive crustaceans that look like tiny shrimps. They feed on the minute plant forms known as thick sea-soul), called "plankton," that is scooped up in a tow net. There are 2,500 diatoms to one coepod. Now the diatoms are extremely sensitive to changes in the composition of the sea water, its alkalinity and the percentage of salt and lime it contains. And, of course, the growth of all such vegeta- tion depends upon the amount of sun- shine that falls upon the sea and the depth to which it penetrates. The dia- toms swarm when the temperature gets right. With them come the coepods that browse upon them. The fish eat the coepods and we eat the fish. So our Friday dinners depend upon the diatoms and national prosperity may be determined by the plankton. Herring on the Atlantic side of Ire- land and Nova Scotia are larger than in the interior waters on the other side. The warmer the water, the salt- ier the sea, and the greater the amount of oxygen in the water the faster grow the fish. But the oxygen in the water increases with the atmospheric pres- sure, so the growth of the young her- ring varies with the barometer. That is why the biologists of the ma- rine research stations of Wood's Hole on the Atlantic, and La Jolla on the Pacific are continually analyzing the sea water, taking the temperature of the ocean and patiently counting the coepods and diatoms with the micro- scope. [ St. Catherine Hotel eauty tlarlor OPEN TO PUBLIC Deep French Wave Marcelling and Facials Our Specialty PHONE FOR APPOINTMENTS __._J ' RENE'$ RESTAURANT WE SERVE THE BEST AT LOW PRICES FISH DINNERS A SPECIALTY Lunches Put Up fur Boating and Fishing Parties A LA CARTE SERVICE *LefaVol; Building, "Sumner Avenue, Next to Hotel Atwater Will Cressy Describes Our California (Continued from Page 1, Column 3) Iowa and New England, tourists, real estate agents and movie actors. Los Angeles is a seaport--situated eighteen miles from the sea. The only wonder in this is that they did not get through to the Atlantic, for nothing stops Los Angeles. They were short of water. So they ran a sub-way somewhere up into Canada and tapped the Arctic Ocean. Then they had so nmch water they did not know what to do with it. So they annexed another county to use up the water. Owing to these various annexes Los Angeles is now the larg- est city, in point of farm acreage, in the worht. One of the greatest assets of Los Angeles, although it is never mention- ed by its inhabitants, is its climate. There are two kinds of Los Angeles climate! Perfect and unusual. Owing to the fact that all Los An- geles dwellers are either rich or hope- lessly broke, it is a great city for am- usements, golf, polo, baseball, and bringing charges against the mayor be- ing the most popular. There are more beautiful women in- Los Angeles than any city in the world. But they all come from some- where else--to get into the pictures. Hollywood is a suburb of Los ~n- geles and called "The City of Happy Homes," being" thus caused by the fact that husbands and wives there always occupy separate homes. Oakland is a beautiful little settle- ment across the bay from San Fran- cisco. In fact, Oakland is where San Francisco should be. Oakland is where you get off the train to get to San Francisco. Oak- land is where ninety percent of all San Francisco automobile owners go every Sunday. Owing to the fact that the city jail is on the sixteenth story of the Oak- land city hall, she has more guests in her city hall building than either San- Francisco or Los Angeles. The climate of Oakland is what San Francisco claims their's is. If the Pa- cific Ocean ever lowers four feet, Oak- land will have the greatest aviation field in America. Oakland is the only city on ea~*h that ever jumped her population 300,000 in one week and then, through dam- pholishness, lost them again. Up to June, 1918, California bad two seasons--wet and dry. Since then it has been theoretically dry and in real- ity wet. California is a great fruit raising country, the most popular product just at present being the raisin. The principal imports of the north- ern or San Francisco division of the state are silks, satins, diamonds, booze, opium and picture brides. Its exports Chinamen and unlucky politicians. The imports of the southern, or caf- eteria division of the state, are rubes, market by putting duties on imported / boobs, hops, malt and actors. Her ex- herring. Consequently, British fishers t'- ~, % ports are oranges, fihns, canceled are asking government aid and protec- [ ' I ,1 checks and raisins. tion against foreign fish, a sad situa- [ ~ fl California leads the worhl in hotels, tion ........ for an i~dustry that has main-1.. .... FOR'~EVERYONE" ' [ good roads, diversity of beautiful seen- tamed zts proua mctependence and sup- I ..................... [ cry, wonderful press agents, climate, : " l" ~ DrllllantllFlte l~llal~ IKl~l, jviP,-~ | remency for rive hundred years. I DANDRUFF Promotes the I moving pictures, automobile owners, In 1424 the herring migrated in mass [ ' Growt~h o'fHalr, and il flowers, hospitalities and local jealous- from the Baltic to the North Sea for 1 it stay:,icoml~clas YOu like it. I ies. " some mysterious reason, and this sud- [ fllllfli I llllrnn rlNrlll] Oh, but I love California, love it as den shift of the shoals built up the | urlnui Amolun bllOUVl:l native son--of New England-- British sea power and made' Germany .... [ . . lu l~....q!! ........ . .... | can love it. I love its lakes and rills, n Prevents and Rel,eves Sunburn and Russia depende t upon British [ . ~ " . " [ its mountains and hills, its deserts and ' Try it" ,in'd"se'e the d|fference fishermen. We niay hope that event- ] " / seashore. But best of all I love its ually the financial embarrassments and .. IAsk your B rbo or .H irdresser. l soil. These lots 1 own in Los Angeles. llley P.~now ' / the present impediments tO commerc~" i.k ,, " " " " , ,/ (Continued on Page 5, Column 2) THE CATALINA heJtm,or RAZOR BLA SHAVING CREAMS AVALON DRUfi 405 Crescent AvenUe LYLE PENDEGAST Attorney at 622 Stock Exchange Buildlall 639 So. SPRING sT Los Angeles Phone The Catalina Islander will correspondence .on problems chological nature. EI NEST NOTAgY News Stand, Opp. Boos Bros. 6 tf HUBBARD AUTO SALES AUTHORIZED FORD AND LINCOLN MOTORS REBUILT And Returned in Three I)s~I CLAUDE WALTON AVALON REPRESENTATIV~ PENS PAPER PENCILS PADS ENVELOPES