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The Catalina Islander
Avalon, California
July 8, 1931     The Catalina Islander
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July 8, 1931

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JULY S, 1931 PAGE FIVE HIIIIIImMMIIHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII]IIIIIlUlIIlIlltI~ also mentioned in the letter, later obtail~ed a governmem for San Clemente Island. Howland moved Island in the late 80's. and for many years, with his of the San Clemente Wool 'Company, operated the busi- on Catalina Island Francisco Guerrero. Swain Larson. the Johnson Bro- amin V~eston. very little is' known. "Ben VVeston Point" ter Benjamin Wesion. and the 'side walls of his little stone ite evidences of tbe industry aml thrift of this "lonely Landin~ was s. named after the Johnson brothers, who permanently after the death of Samuel Prentiss. The had used that part of the Island for their sheep, cattle -- ev yea~s prior to the arriv~il of the soidiers. into the records of the mainland will be of inter- the few residents Of San Pedro anti Wilmington tried to into that port, they were not always successful. In ~ of California." J. M. Guinn states that an old ated at San Pedro caused considerable anxiety and that. __=--= mg the last centu'ry (1800) the American fur traders and that it was a good place to do business in . . . This Se Was the cause of 'a 'bitter controversy that split the popu- -- Pueblo into factions. warehouse was purellasc~d by Don Abel Stearns. who ob- -- from the Govermnent to "build additional buildings, his =--==_ expand the settlement and to enlarge the commerce of -- arnS' laudable efforts met with opposition from the anti- that day. Let us quote Historian Guinn: ~muggling and cited an old Spanish law that prohibited house on the beach of any port where there was no captain of the port protested to the governor against ---= improvements, and demanded that the warehouse Ships, he sa~d. would pass in the night from Santa Cata- lay hid in the daytime, to San Pedro and load and un- warehouse, and skip out before he. the captain, could rom his home at the pueblo, ten leagues away, to collect the a number of calamity howlers joined the captain of the -- the ills' that would follow from the building of ware- - governor referred the matter to the ayuntamiento, and that -- appointed a committee of three sensible and public-spir- -=-N examine into the charges and report. The committee report- interests of the community needed a commercial settlement -- cadero; that if the captain of the port feared smuggling .t!on a guard on the beach This settled the controversy howlers, too. but Stearns built no warehouses at the = historians report that much lawlessness, cattle steM- prevailed in the northern part of the state dur- fifties. This resulted in the passage of the "China Boy California Legislature of 1855 enacted laws unposing a fine N ~rs, masters or conslgners of vessels bringing into Califor- were incompetent to become citizens. The Chinese naturalization. Consequently, many Chinese formerly to work in the mines near Sacramento were driven N s, Operating restaurants and laundries, were permitted to re- . Francisco. But, o~lee in a while during the "periodical @ he unemployed "Chinks" were loaded on board San Fran- -~ SUpposedly for transportation back to China• Is sailing masters, however, after clearing from the north- the coast line to Monterey• If unsuccessful in landing at that port they brought them to San Clemente or Island, where the Chinamen would be unloaded for re- or San INego. Chinamen destined for San Pedro at Ironbound Bay; Lobster Bay, or Smuggler's Cove," and ~d for San Diego were "housed" at China Point, San Clem- " r Although the contraband men were supposed to be unde ---- Were permitted considerable freedom at Lobster Bay. While arrival of th'e smaller boats to transfer them to the mainland, permitted to.g_amble• It is said that during the early '70's ~ Well defined trail from Ironbotmd Bay over Torquemada ~24. Catalina Harbor. of the San Francisco Infantry in 1864, during the Civil Stop to the "China Boy traffic" for Catalina Island, but the $ San Clemente Island were continued for many years.~ There r no interruption of this traffic until the advent of the gaso- for the Coast Guard Patrol service. The Chinese, successful lg the State, were given employment on ranches, railroad and activities. Theirs was a life of secrecy, hardship and slavery. ~arly '70's snmggling operations were again resumed at Cat- ~ rRand continued until the Island property was purchased by ~ • Shatto. Those holding cattle and sheep leases from Mr. -~ }ted the intrusion of "bandits" and "sea pirates," and a num- --------- tots between Islanders and the crews of vessels visiting Cat- ahn0st resulted in bloodshed. Several appeals were made authorities at Los Angeles for assistance to stop sheep Smuggling• to the Chinese seeking re-entry into the southern part ~, there frequently appeared in these waters a Chinese junk _N Consignment" of laborers• It was at the conclursion of one tenous trips that the junk "Ning Po" was washed ashore in 1912. Later, this vessel was purchased by the Me- E of Avalon, repaired, and towed back to Catalina, Used as a "Chinese Care." oct of an old shack located on the west side of Catalina a .sign, still legible in 1900, that bore the inscription: John." (To Be Continued) N __ IN AVALON SUBSCRIBE FOR THE ISLANDER :~STED IN AVALON SUBSCRIBE FOR THE ISLANDER IN AVALON SUBSCRIBE FOR THE ISLANDER rED IN AVALON SUBSCRIBE FOR THE ISLANDER ,. ~, ",;'it, ~ Don't Use a Rubber Stamp. It looks CHEAP! Have our Commercial Printing Department make a Neat Job of it. ADVERTISING BRINGS MONEY / The greater the amount of business we can center in this community, the more money there will be in circulation.And upon each one of us rests a certain share the responsibility for making this community a greater business center. A tried and proven means of reaching the people of this ~:om- munity with news of your store is through the col- umns of this paper. Let us show you how we can help you prepare your message. THE CATALINA ISLANDER