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The Catalina Islander
Avalon, California
April 2, 1924     The Catalina Islander
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April 2, 1924

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PAGE FOUR THE BUILDING BLOCKS OF THE HUMAN BODY By Dr. Edwin E. Sloason Director, Science Service, Washington It is fascinating to stand on the side- walk and watch a building being put up by modern methods. The materials seem to appear by magic just when they are needed. The stones, cut and numbered, are delivered in proper or- der. The big steel girder arrives at the moment when its bed is prepared for it. Enough bricks are always on hand to keep the bricklayers busy, and not many more. Sand, gravel and ce- ment come along in the right quanti- ties to mix for concrete, and little, if any, is left over at the end of the day. Doubtless, it is not all such smooth sailing as it seems. The boss may have his moments of worry over de- layed delivery or the permature arrival of certain material. But the system must be well arranged, for on a nar- row city lot there is little room for the storage of excess stuff, and the builder must live, so to speak, "front hand to mouth." The building of our bodies has to be run on schedule even more closely contrived than this, and physiologists are now beginning to comprehend its princ~iples. Flesh and blood are largely composed of a sort of substances call- ed "proteins," of which there are thou- sands of different kinds; enough to go around among all the animals and give each species a particular protein of its own. But these innumerable varieties are all made up of various combina- tions of a comparatively small number of simpler substances called the "amino acids," of which some twenty are now known. How many of these severai sorts are needed by any particular animal, such for instance, as us, is yet undetermin- ed Probably a dozen, perhaps half a dozen, anfino acids, if properly picked, would suffice. But our food must contain at least a little of every one of the set of amino acids that are required for the building of our bodies. If one of them is missing none of the others can altogether replace it. So, too, a typesetter must have some type in every box of his case. He cannot get along without a few x's and e's. But if he has as many x's and z's as he has a's and e's he cannot make use of them. So a little of a particular kind of protein may be very valuable, indeed essential. But double the amount is not twice as good; may not, indeed, be any better. Professor H. H. Mitchell of the University of Illinois found in the feeding of white rats that the bi- ological value of protein from various foods ranked as follows: milk, 93.4; rice, 86.1; yeast. 85.5; oats, 78.5; cdrn, 72; potatoes, 68.5. Doubling the amount of any one protein did not in- crease its nutritive value in proportion, but the addition of another kind of protein did increase in certain cases the value of both. For instance, r~ts fed on corn protein alone, or on milk protein alone, did not thrive as well as when the two were combined, al- though the total ration remained the same. Since rats have been the mess- mates of man from time immemorial, they have acquired similar feeding ha- bits to ours. The lesson of this for us is that we should see that we have a varied as well as an adequate diet. There is nothing found in these investigations THE CATALINA ~t to favor these food faddists who would have us live for life on a single kind of food such as peanuts or grapes. Even if we could know precisely what proteins our body needed at the mo- ment, and had the composition of the food down pat, we would have to have scales and slide-rule at every meal to figure it out. Better leave this compli- cated problem to be carried on by the unconscious calculation of our diges- tive apparatus, which will generally come out right if supplied with the proper kinds and amounts of building marterials. If any one of them is lacking the rest cannot be economical- ly utilized. Imagine the disgust of the construc- tion boss if he should get several loads of sand and only one sack of cement If it were a mistake in the kind of fuel delivered it wouht not be so bad. If there is a shortage of anthracite, one can use coke, or briquets, or even bituminous. But concrete has to be mixed in the proper proportions if it is to stand, so the boss having no storage space has to send away the excess sand unused. So, too, in our body building. We need not be so particular about our fuel foods. There are many kinds of sugars, starches and fats, but they are more or less interchangeable. No one of them is indispensable. The ques- tion of quality does not matter so much in this case, nor quality either, so long as there is enough of any of them. And if we eat too nmch of fats and carbohydrates, as many of us do, the surplus is disposed of with com- parative ease or stored up in the body as fat. It is indeed a burden to travel with so much excess luggage as some of us do, but we get along. The proteins may also in part be burned up, but their waste products are much more difficult to get rid of and ;ire particularly obnoxious if al- lowed to accumulate in the body. So one of the delicate and difficult points in the problem of dietetics that we all have to solve every day is to see that we get proteins in sufficient assort- ment, quite enough of them, and yet not much too much. MISTAKES IN LIFE Judge McConnaek of San Francisco, says these are the thirteen conunon- est mistakes in life: 1--To attempt to set up your own standards of right and wrong. 2--To try to measure the enjoyment of others by your own. 3---To expect uniformity of opinions in this world. 4--To fail to make allowances for in- experience. 5--To endeavor to mold all disposi- tions alike. 6--Not to yield to unimportant trifles. 7--To look for perfection in oar own actions. 8--To worry ourselves and others about what cannot be remedied. 9--To consider a thing impossible that we cannot ourselves perfornL 10--Failing to help everybody, wher- ever, however and whenever we can. ll-~To believe only what our minds can grasp. 12--Not to make allowances for the weakness of others. 13--To estimate by some outside qual- ity when it is that within which makes the man. Rib-faced clubs have been barred by the United States Golf Association, and will be barred in the Southern Califor- nia golf championship tournament at Annandale later in April. The clubs affected are mainly spade mashies, mashie niblicks and pitchers. DISLIKE COLD WATER By Science Service A curious point of sinfilarity has been discovered by Canadian scientists between little lobsters and little boys. The scientists have found that the lob- sters do not like cold water. The cor- responding" trait in the juvenile rome of the human species is a matter of common observation. Dr. A. G. Hunts- man, biologist of the Biological Board of Canada, has found that lobsters are abundant and small lobsters, particu- larly fry, present in any considerable numbers only in waters with a summer temperature of 52 degrees or hi~her. Adult lobsters will survive in colder water, but the younger ones are dis- couraged sooner and refuse to live in such a chilly world. LOCAL TIME AND TIDE TABLE Tides are placed in order of occurrence. Comparison will show high and low. Light figures a. m. black figures p. m. APRIL Th 3 .......... 2:50 9:02 2:59 9:16 lit good. It I~Jleves that stuffy o/ter hearty 0.3 5.3 02 5.6 F" 4 .......... 3:240.2 9:345.1 3:230.5 9:415.6 AVALON CHURCHES .~ S 5 .......... 3:55 10:09 3:47 I0:08 Catholic Church services: ~1t 0.1 4.8 0.9 5.5 Masses, 8 and 10 a. m. SundaYlt Su 6 .......... 4:270.210:454.4 4:091.3 10:315.4 ing devotions, 7:30 p. m. We1 M 7 .......... 5:01 11:26 4:30' 10:57Mass, 7:30 a.m. I! 0.3 4.0 1.7 5.2 * * * .1 Tu 8 .......... 5:39 12:09 4:52 11:25 Christian Science Society servJm 0.5 3.6 2.0 5.0 their bungalow meeting hoUS?l W 9 .......... 6:25 1:09 5:17 ........ Metropole avenue, Sunday at 111 0.7 3.3 2.3 ....... Sunday School at 9:30 a. m. W1 STORM--WA-~ING5 day evening servi:: at 8 p. In./ ~. ~I~= . ! ~ Cngregatinal Church Ser:i'i~ [[[~:> ~ Sunday School, 9:30 a. m. ; y..~al~ ............ ~-,~ ............... and Sermon, 10:30 a. m.; chfi Flags with perpendicular lines, Red; small squares, Black ; other flags, White. The Catalina Islander every week, fifty-two times during the year, is boosting Catalina Island. The results of this continuous publicity are of ma- terial benefit to every merchant, busi- ness and professional man, as well as every worker, residing in Avalon. Mr. Business Man, how many weeks dur- ing the year do you return the comp- liment ? Renew your subscription to The Catalina Islander, $2 per year. The St. Louis Sporting News is o. sale at Windle's Ne~s Stand. "KEEP ON KEEPING ON" When a traveling companion re- marked to William Wrigley that he could "save money" by cutting down his advertising, Mr. Wrigley re- sponded: "We're making a fine trip on this train. How much progress do you think we should make if they took off the locomotive?" Endeavor, 6:00 p. m.; Worship Sermon, 7:00 p. m.; Mid-week Sd 7:00 p. m., Wednesday. EverY0~ cordially invited to all services Catalina will give you the rOi your life., Come to Catalina. BOATMEN AND BOA Any of the following Catalina ~ men will furnish amateur angler~'| light tackle if they so desire: Boatmen LaunhO John Edmundson Adelaide S J. Goulding Ruth Smith Warren Fortuna Hugh MacKay Manana Parker Pence Shorty "Yellowtail John"Dragon Tad Grey Swastika Harry E. Nichols Vera J.~ J. Bates Helen ]}' Mott Mable F, M. Foster Sunbea~ Enos Vera Carrie Fred Arcs Ethel ~i I. Danielson Letta D. E. Eaton Leona Capt Nordquist Vampire O. W. Cole Myrtle F. Ashbridge Grace II; C. Wiekman MaitlaW B. D. Halstead Barney John Wegmann Dixie Elmer E. AndersonAndy l Alex Adargo .........._~~ COMFORTABLE HANDSO PI 6t 9~ THE MABEL F" I The fastest launch in Avalon, and the launch with a record BIG FISH. L. MOTT, Box 1042, Avalon. Booth on Pleasure FtF I Should you miu your steamer, or care to crou to San Pedro b}, launch, let me kn~ Phon~ 61048 Main 1048 p"~~bl(~ ] IvY H. OVERHOLZER FUNERAL DIRECTOR 958 South Hill St., Cor. Tenth Lady Attendant Los Angeies, C$t