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The Catalina Islander
Avalon, California
March 8, 1934     The Catalina Islander
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March 8, 1934

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PAGE EIGHT ROUT THE RAT! This is the sixth and last of a series of articles prepared by Dr. J. L. Pore- troy, County Health Officer. Faint Heart Ne'er Won Fair Health! From time immemorial, man has recognized universally the rat as a menace to peace, health, and prosper- ity. The rat is so depicted in mythology of ancient Greece and Rome, in rec- ords of Egypt's Pharoahs, and in Old Testament writings in the Bible. As mankind has increased in num- bers, and population has flowed to all ends of the earth, so the rat popula- tion 'has increased and spread. Today it is estimated that there are more rats than people in the world. It is also estimated that each rat costs mankind $4 cash a year--S2 for the food it eats, and another $2 fo:" food and material it damages and destroys. In Los Angeles County alone the damage an(] destruction wrought by rats is placed at $10,000,000 a year, $200,000 a week, or $20 a minute! Rats cost all America every year a sum approximating the total annual fire loss of the nation. But the greatest menace of the rat is not its destructiveness. Far dead- licr is the rat as an ever-present men- ace to Public Health. The rat stands supreme among all animals as a disease carrier, as a spreader of Pestilence. It is the act- ive agent in the spread of bubonic plague which, in India alone, in twenty years killed more than 11,009,000 peo- ple. Dozens of diseases of men are trans- mitted by rats, while in stables, ken- nels, stys, and barns, rats carry and spread other aihnents affecting our ~orses, cattle, pigs, (togs and cats. This destructiveness is not some- thing remote from us. Records of ro- dent control crews of the Los Ange- les County Health l)epartment show that it is being carried on in our own home communities, every (lay and ev- er3" night of the year. The vital question is: What are we going to do about it ? The only con- ceivable answer is: We must fight the good fight. Only a courageous, persistent warfare against these dead- ly pests will bring assurance of pres- ervation of our Public Health. ROUT THE RAT! By Starving him, through the use of rat-proof receptacles for food, and covered metal garbage cans. I?y depriving him of breeding places through the abolition of planked yards and passageways. By refusing him admission to the ccmlfort of your buildings, through rat-proof oonstruetion, and screened basement openings. By killing hi:n at every opportunity. By demanding city anti-ratordi- nances and state anti-rat'laws. "o:-- Findings of Stratosphere Flyers Surprise Scientists By Science Service The scientific findings of the explor. ers of the stratosphere in the Soviet "stratostat" USSR are at variance with the theoretical calculations of physicists, it appears from an an- nouncement by Prof. A. Wangenheim. Analysis of samples of air taken during the flight last September showed that the oxygen content of" the stratosphere 19 kilometers (11.8 miles) above the surface of the earth varies very little fronl the oxygen content of the air at the surface. An- alyses were carried out by a special commission under the leadership of Academician A. A. Chernishev of the Institute of Physical Chemistry, Mos- cow. Tests of the samples of air, made in tw() laboratories, proved identical in their results, which contradict the theoretical calculations of such scient- ists as Wegener, Shtermer, Humphrey and Gutenberg, which indicated an oxygen content of not more than 15 to 18 per cent. The samples of air were taken by means of glass bulbs suspended from the stratostat, opened and hermetical- ly sealed by electricity whih the strat- os!at ascended. Three nf the four bulbs carried worked without a hitch. The composition of the air 18.5 kil-