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The Catalina Islander
Avalon, California
March 4, 2011     The Catalina Islander
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March 4, 2011

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BETWEEN HARBORS EIIie Stevens . Columnist 78 27 Water on the West End, Part 1 of 2: How the West End Gets its Fresh Water true. Besides being partially mis- informed, some Westenders aren't informed at all. One Two Harbors resident even confessed that she, honestly had no idea where the water came from. This resident was your humble, and until now completely uninformed, corre- spondent. Water in the Island's History Prior to the 1900 s Islanders in pursuit of drinking water had to travel to Torqua Springs, a fresh water Source 3 miles west of Ava- Ion. These Islanders rowed their boats up and down the coast to collect water into barrels. Then in the early 1900 s, a mainland barge (El Aquador) and steamships (SS. Hermosa and SS. Cabrillo) brought water to the Island, supplementing the supply. This process was only mod- ernized as recently as 1919. That year, William Wrigley purchased Catalina Island and took initia- tives to improve the process of obtaining and distributing domes- tic water throughout the Island. At, this time the Santa Catalina Island Company, under the leadership of Wrigley, spent over a million dol- lars to install a system of pumps, dams and reservoirs. These includ- ed: Thompson Dam and Reservoir (1924), The Wrigley Reservoir (1929) and the Haypress Reservoir (1931). Later, the Island Company drilled wells further west, to af- ford more efficient water distribu- tion to Two Harbors and the West End. Among these were: Howland s Landing (drilled in 1977 and re- built in 2004), Cottonwood canyon (1'979) and Sweetwater (1991). Water is the best of all things Pindar, Greek poet c. 522- 438 B. C. Today nearly 1 billion people on Earth live without access to safe drinking water, a problem that often leads to disease, malnutrition and political conflict. The fact that we have access to safe drinking water, here on our remote Island, is not insignificant. When asked by a Two Harbors visitor about where the Island wa- ter comes from, a popular reply by locals is that it comes via a sub- oceanic pipe from the mainland- right next to the pipe that carries the milk, and the one that carries the beer. On a more serious note, hovcever, some Westenders re- ally don't know where their water comes from. When asked about the Isthmus water sources, many Two Harbors residents have asserted a belief that all the water comes from a well at Howland's Landing. This is in fact only part of the truth. Several Westenders have also claimed that, the well is very old; its practically antique. This is in fact totally un- Water on the West End Today Currently, water makes its way to the West End from a combina- tion of four of these ground.water Island wells. The four wells in- clude: two at Cottonwood, one at Sweetwater and one at Howland's Landing. Southern California Edi- son is in charge of managing these wells and the water distribution. In order for water to get from Cottonwood and Sweetwater can- yons, wells pump into a 10-inch pipeline, which travels 7 miles northwest to the Two Harbors mil- lion-gallon tank (built in 1967), just east of Isthmus Cove. En route, Catalina Island Medical Center's state-of-the-art Siemens CT Scanner can provide the diagnostic images needed for nearly all medical conditions. Simply let your physician know you would prefer to have your diagnostic imaging completed on the island. Familiar places and familiar faces No appointment needed Scans available immediately on CD Images sent electronically to your physician Please call for more information, the water is treated using a chlori- nation process to make it safe for drinking. Once it is treated, it is stored in the million-gallon tank. From this tank, there are 2 outlet lines leading down the hill. One of the lines provides water for Two Harbor s customers while the other serves the USC Marine Lab. The well at Howland s Landing has a different purpose. This well pumps into a tank at Howlartd's and into the twin tanks, located on the West End. The Howland's Landing well mainly serves cus- tomers on the West End beyond Two Harbors. These custom- ers include campers, yacht club members and caretakers at 4th of July Cove, Cherry Cove, How- land s Landing and Emerald Bay. If, however, customer demand in Two Harbors is high, the well also serves the Isthmus community. Consumption Rates Today, the West End averages 423,800 gallons of water con- sumption per week. Imagine if Westenders still had to load all that water into barrels and row it in din- ghies from Torqua springs! In less than a hundred years the Island has certainly come a long way. Monte Mellon, MD Tracey Norton, DO Laura Ulibarri, MD Diane Charnberlin, N P (310) 510-O7OO 1OO Falls Canyon Road PO Box 1563, Avalon 90704 Stay tuned for Part2 next week: Where our Wte Water Gods Figures quoted from Southem Califomia Edison History From page 4 as highly similar "Cuenca" payer titles, and a Malibu Lion's Head fountain piece that is of similar de- sign to Catalina's Lion head title/ bookends. Pottery items that mir- ror Malibu include Moorish raised design plates and MonkBookends (Catalina's version are slightly smaller than Malibu's) as well as lamps. The Monk Bookends done by both Malibu and Catalina were preceded by Gladding MeBean's even larger version made of Lin- coln, California, clay. Mr. Keeler and Mr. Mason worked for Glad- ding McBean in Lincoln in 1909. Despite the existence of some "secret" recipes for glazes held under lock and key, it is important to note many glazes were shared freely between colleagues. A diffi- cult-to-develop "red" glaze with an underbum was born at Malibu and resembles Catalina's Toyon Red in an amazing way. Brian Kaiser tells us that Rufus Keeler often wrote "Fred Wilde gave me this...."and Fred Wilde game me that..." in reference to glazes he was using, and with that there is another con- nection back to Catalina via the Wilde family. Fred's son John was "loaned" to Catalina from 1931 to 1936 from Pomona Tile, and we find John referred to in 1931 as the "tile factory superintendent" (Wendle 1931, 123) and then in later years as the pottery plant su- pervisor. D.M. Renton built many homes in Pomona and also had a family connection to the Pomona colleges. It has been 'suggested by David Renton that his Grand- father's building experience in this cify would have pu t him in contact with Pomona Tile. Mr. Stueve resigned in May 1928, but by June D.M. had found a "new man" to take over the tile factory. (Wrigley-Renton corre- spondence). Color saturated pot- .Avalon Veteran's Memorial Park PURCHASE A BRICK FOR THE MEMORIAL Contact Dave Gardner (310) 510-1484 or write: Avalon Veterans of Foreign Wars, P.O. BOx 1672 Avalon, Ca 90704 Catalina-00,.0000-, , 4 i Friday, March 4, 2011 The CATALINA ISLANDER